SQL Server 2016, upgrading to compatability level 130,Trace flag 139 and additional one-off dbcc checks.

https://support.microsoft.com/en-gb/help/4010261/sql-server-2016-improvements-in-handling-some-data-types-and-uncommon-

When upgrading to SQL Server 2016 RTM CU3/SP1 and upgrading to database compatablity leve 130 there are additional DBCC checks which should be performed.

These are hidden behind Trace flag 139 which should be temporarily enabled as part of the process of changing database compability level to 130.

  • Enable trace flag 139 by running DBCC TRACEON(139, -1).
  • Run DBCC CHECKDB/TABLE..WITH EXTENDED_LOGICAL_CHECKS to validate persisted structures
  • Run DBCC CHECKCONSTRAINTS commands (if rows are affected the associated where clause to identify the row will be returned).
  • Disable trace flag 139 by running DBCC TRACEOFF(139, -1)
  • Change the database compatibility level to 130.
  • REBUILD any structures that you identified in step 1.

There are impovements to expression evaluation in database level 130 and this affects persisted structures

  • Check constraints
  • Persisted Computed columns
  • Indexes using computing columns whether as part of the key or as included columns
  • Filtered indexes
  • Indexed views

Upgrade to compatability level 130 BEFORE attempting to fix issues so the new expression evaluation logic is used for the fixed.

  • Check constraints – change data or drop/recreate constraint with new expression
  • Persisted Computed columns – Update a column referenced by the computed column to the same value to force recalcuation of the computed column
  • Index/filtered index/indexed views – Either A) Put db in single user mode and run DBCC CHECKTABLE with REPAIR_REBUILD B) ALTER INDEX…REBUILD and if supported in your edition of sql server consider adding the WITH (ONLINE=ON) clause.

NOTE: There are some queries in the Appendix C/D of the article above which can be used to help identify affected objects.

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